What can cause back and abdominal pain (and what to do)

stomach and back pain

In most cases, stomach and back pain is caused by inflammation of the muscles or changes in the spine, this usually occurs from having poor posture throughout the day, such as sitting at the computer with a curved back, passing many hours standing or sleeping on a very soft mattress.

However, when back pain radiates to the stomach or abdomen and is accompanied by other symptoms, the causes can vary and may be caused by the presence of intestinal gas, kidney stones, or pancreatitis, for example.

The main causes of stomach and back pain that radiates to the abdomen are:

1. Kidney stone

What it feels: in a kidney crisis it is very common for the person to feel intense and sharp pain in the lower back, but more towards the right or left side of the back, but in some cases, the pain can also radiate towards the abdominal region.

Inflammation of the kidneys, bladder, or ureters that cause urinary infection can also cause pain in the belly or abdominal area.

What to do: you must go to the hospital emergency because kidney colic is usually very strong, so it is necessary to take medications that help remove the stones or in more complicated cases perform surgery to remove them. See how it was done


2. Spinal problems

How it feels: In the case of osteoarthritis in the spine, the back pain is usually near the neck or at the end of the back, being more towards the center of the back, although it can also affect the stomach or abdominal region.

What to do: you should go to the orthopedic surgeon so that a spinal X-ray is indicated to identify any possible alteration and start the appropriate treatment depending on the cause.

These treatments are usually carried out with the use of analgesics and/or anti-inflammatory drugs.

In the case of posture problems, he refers to the physiotherapist to carry out some physiotherapy sessions, all in order to combat the symptoms and prevent them from worsening with the appearance of a herniated disc or osteophytosis.

3. Gases

What it feels like: In some cases, the buildup of intestinal gas can also cause pain in the back and abdomen, causing the stomach to swell.

The pain appears in the form of stitches and tends to be located in some part of the back or stomach and later move to another part of the abdomen.

What to do: drinking an anise tea and then walking for 40 minutes can be useful to eliminate gas naturally, but if the pain does not subside, you can try plum water, because it helps eliminate stools that favor gas production. See what are the main foods that cause gas.

In addition to this, it is also important to maintain a good diet by preparing light meals, consuming fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables, drinking small amounts of water throughout the day, and including chamomile or lemon balm tea to help relieve pain.

4. Fracture of the spine

Fracture of the spine is more common during a traffic accident, in sick people with osteoporosis, and when there are more serious diseases such as bone cancer.

What you feel: The pain is intense and constant in the back and may or may not radiate into the abdominal region. In cancer, the pain does not improve with rest and the person may even wake up due to stomach and back pain.

What to do: you should go to the orthopedist for a medical evaluation and an X-ray to show if there is a fracture, it may also indicate the use of a girdle to recover faster.


5. Inflammation of the gallbladder

The formation of stones in the gallbladder can cause inflammation, the pain is manifested whenever the person eats foods with high-fat content, but it is not always serious.

What it feels like: When the gallbladder is inflamed, the person feels acute pain in the stomach, and usually indigestion, a feeling of stomach heaviness, a swollen belly, and belching occurs.

Abdominal pain can radiate to the back. See more about gallstones and the symptoms they cause.

What to do: you must go to the gastroenterologist to have an ultrasound done, and in this way confirm the presence of gallstones and indicate the treatment, which can be surgical with the removal of the gallbladder through surgery or spraying the stones or stones.

6. Bowel diseases

Intestinal diseases as in the case of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, generally cause pain in the lower abdomen, but it can also radiate to the back, being a more diffuse pain.

What you feel: Symptoms such as abdominal pain with a burning sensation, in the form of stitches or cramps may arise.

There may also be discomfort in the belly or lower abdominal region, intermittent periods of diarrhea and constipation, and a bloated belly.

What to do: You should watch your bowel habits to identify if it may be constipation, gas, or diarrhea. It is recommended to go to the gastroenterologist to identify other symptoms, perform tests to reach the diagnosis, and initiate the most appropriate treatment as the case may be.

In the case of gluten intolerance, for example, it is necessary to remove foods that contain gluten in the diet, so a nutritionist can indicate the necessary changes for each intestinal disorder. See how to go on a diet for irritable bowel syndrome.

7. Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is a serious situation, which may require urgent medical attention, and emergency surgery may be necessary.

What it feels: when the pain begins, it is not known exactly where it is located, but it is usually at the level of the pit of the stomach, radiating to the right and left of the stomach like a belt, below the ribs.

As the infection worsens, the pain becomes more localized and becomes even stronger. It can also be associated with other symptoms such as dizziness and vomiting. Learn more about the symptoms of pancreatitis.

What to do: you must go to the care center to find out if it really is pancreatitis and start treatment with analgesics, anti-inflammatories, and specific enzymes for the proper functioning of the pancreas.

Depending on what caused the inflammation, such as an obstruction from a stone, tumor, or infection, it may be necessary to use antibiotics or surgery to remove stones that aggravate the disease.

8. Low back pain

What it feels: It is a deep pain usually located in the middle part of the back, especially after exerting a lot like climbing stairs or carrying heavy bags. Sitting or standing for a long time tends to worsen the pain, which can begin to radiate to the abdomen.

If it radiates to the buttocks or legs, it may be an inflammation of the sciatic nerve. See more about pain in sciatica.

What to do: placing a hot compress on the back can relieve mild or moderate pain, but it is necessary to go to the orthopedic surgeon for examinations and start the treatment that can be done with physiotherapy sessions.

9. Pyelonephritis

Pyelonephritis is a high urinary infection, that is, it affects the kidneys and ureters. It occurs due to the ascent of bacteria in this area or due to a complication of a lower urinary infection. Learn more about pyelonephritis and the main symptoms.

What you feel: It is common to experience severe pain in the back, on the side of the affected kidney, pain in the lower abdominal area when urinating, high fever accompanied by chills and tremors, as well as malaise, nausea, and vomiting.

What to do: You should go to the emergency department, as it is necessary to take medications to relieve pain, as well as antibiotics and antipyretics, as well as blood and urine tests.

Pain in the back and abdomen in pregnancy

Stomach and Back pain that radiates to the abdomen in early pregnancy can occur when there is intercostal neuralgia due to stretching of the nerve due to the growth of the belly.

However, another common cause is uterine contractions, more towards the end of gestation.

Pain that begins in the belly, in the stomach region, which radiates to the back, maybe the effect of gastric reflux, common in pregnancy, due to the increase in volume in the uterus and compression of the stomach.

What it feels like: Pain caused by intercostal neuralgia may be stitch-shaped and is usually near the ribs, but stomach and back pain that radiates deep into the belly can be a sign of uterine contractions, as occurs at work Of childbirth.

What to do: Placing a warm compress where the pain is located and stretching, tilting the body to the opposite side of the pain can be helpful in relieving pain.

The obstetrician may indicate the intake of the vitamin B complex, as it helps the recovery of the peripheral nerves. In the case of reflux, you should eat a light diet and avoid lying down after meals.


Also Read: 11 exercises to relax your upper back