For beginners as well as expert carpenters, it is always good to have what are the necessary steps to carry out a successful carpentry project.

Some of them require ingenious, sophisticated, or simple tools, but creativity, patience, and concentration cannot be lacking in all of them.

For Cristian Rivas and Juan Godoy, both carpenters at the Museo Taller, it is essential to have a good work table that does not limp or move.

Generally, a bench or carpenter's bench is used, which has several other built-in functions, such as press screws or organizers of the most common tools.

If you do not have this type of counter, it is enough for the work table to be firm and at a suitable height, because the teacher always has to be comfortable, they warn.

Those who know best about this trade assure that, above all, you must be clear about the project you want to carry out or at least one idea in mind.

It may be worth making a drawing or a plan before getting down to business.

Along with that, you should look for the most suitable woodworking bench according to the type of project and make sure you have all the necessary material.


Considering all of the above, it is possible to begin a carpentry project by attending to the following steps.

1. Y Mark


Having clear the objective of what is going to be done - if it is a chair or a table, for example - the woodworking bench should be measured according to the different pieces that are required.

There are certain standard measures that could vary depending on the type of project, but it will always be necessary to comply with these two actions: measure and mark.

You have to measure twice to cut only one, says a popular saying among carpenters. To measure there are countless tools.

The most famous are rulers, which can have different lengths, but squares are also useful - to measure at right angles - and tape, to measure longer extensions.

For marking, a carpenter pencil is usually used, which is slightly thicker than the lead pencil and much flatter, which allows for finer marks than conventional pencils.

They are generally black, but there are also blue and red.

2. Cortar


To cut the type of woodworking bench must be taken into account. For thin and thin structures a rib saw will suffice, for thicker structures, a long saw with good teeth or even an electric saw is recommended.

There is also a tool similar to a guillotine called a miter or cutting guide and it allows you to make cuts in one go. At this point, it is important not to cut directly on the table, but to leave the piece to be cut in the air. The rest of the piece is recommended to be pressed to the work table so that it does not run or move.

The only main recommendation for not cutting your fingers is caution. You also have to be focused and know that the fingers only serve as a guide to position the saw at the beginning of the cut and that they are no longer necessary afterward.


3. Caterpillar


The brush consists of a sharp blade that removes the imperfections of the woodworking bench, eliminating the roughest layers until it is smooth as silk. Here it should not be forgotten that brushing must always be carried out in the direction and direction of the grain because otherwise the fibers of the material will be cut.

“The same as combing one's hair”, the carpenters of the Workshop Museum limit. It must be done downwards, in one direction only so as not to tangle the rest of the hair.

With knots, the procedure is different because they do not have direction, so it is necessary to brush or sand in a circular way to prevent the material from peeling or peeling.

Brushes number 4, 6, and 7 are the most frequent, but there are also gallops and galloping.

Then comes the sanding process, which gives it the finish. It is equivalent to shaving cream after shaving.

4. Carve and rough

carve and rough

With a chisel and a mallet, you can shape the woodworking benches. It is a meticulous work that is related to design and that allows giving relief and textures.

Grinding makes it possible to remove the coarsest parts, with a sharp blade that is held horizontally with both hands.

5. Drill


A good carpenter does not use screws or nails, only joins with wooden dowels and tongue and groove.

For this reason, to make good holes it is important to consider that the size of the bit must be smaller than the dowel, as these allow different pieces to be joined by pressure.

There are bits thinner than an electric cable, but the most common are 10 or 12 millimeters thick.

It is necessary to worry about locating the dowels in strategic places of the pieces, in a balanced way to properly distribute the forces.

For example, if it is a table one and a half meters long, to be firm you need at least 5 dowels, one in the middle and two at each end.

It is recommended that the dowel is at a depth that is at least half its size. This ensures resistance and durability.

Do not forget that along with locating the dowels, you must use cold glue, both for the drilling itself and for the length of the edge.

6. Assemble


To assemble it is necessary to press the glued woodworking bench piece by piece, with different types of hammers to facilitate this process.

If cold glue comes out of the edge it is important to remove the excess immediately, because once dry it is very difficult to hide. A cloth with water is more than enough.

7. Sand

When the furniture or object is finished, it is recommended to finish with a soft sanding that removes the porosity of the wood and erases the pencil marks that have been made.

8. Varnish and seal

To protect the woodworking benches from moisture and different external agents, it is advisable to seal the wood. Varnishing will give it a particular shine and increase its durability. More information on enamels and varnishes here.


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